雅思/托福 - VIP课程
In order to
E.g.：In order to understand X, we need first to understand Y.
In other words
E.g.：Frogs are amphibians.In other words,they live on the land and in the water.
To put it another way
用法：这个短语和in other words的意思相同，可以被用于解释特别复杂的观点，从而使读者更好地理解问题的重要性。
E.g.：Plants rely on photosynthesis.To put it another way, they will die without the sun.
That is to say
用法：“That is” and “that is to say” 都可以用来为自己的解释补充更多细节，从而使信息而更加准确。
E.g.：Whales are mammals.That is to sayvb软件 ,they must breathe air.
To that end
用法：“to that end” 和“to this end”是“in order to” 和“so”的同义替换表达。
E.g.：Zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other.To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings.
E.g.：Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in support of…
E.g.：Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…
用法：和 “moreover” and “furthermore”用法相同，可替换。
E.g.：What’s more,this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.
E.g.：Scholar A believes X.Likewise神奇陆夫人 ,Scholar B argues compellingly in favour of this point of view.
E.g.：Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to.Similarly,we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.
Another key thing to remember
用法：another key point to remember” 和 “another key fact to remember”可以替换also，来介绍更多额外的事实。
E.g.：As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature.Another key point to rememberis that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.
As well as
用法：as well as来代替“also” 和 “and”。
E.g.：Scholar A argued that this was due to X,as well asY.
Not only… but also
E.g.：Not onlydid Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of Everest,but he was alsoappointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.
E.g.：Coupled withthe literary evidence庄端儿 , the statistics paint a compelling view of…
Firstly, secondly, thirdly…
E.g.：There are many points in support of this view.Firstly, X.Secondly,Y. Andthirdly,Z.
Not to mention / to say nothing of
E.g.：The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people,not to mentionits impact on the country’s economy.
在组织论点时，经常需要表达对比、相反的观点或论据，比如"it could show this, but it could also show that" 或 “X says this刘尚娴, but Y disagrees”.
E.g.：Scholar A thinks this.However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.
On the other hand
E.g.：The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straight forward picture of what happened that day.
Having said that
用法：同on the other hand 和“but”用法相同。
E.g.：The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account.Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.
By contrast / in comparison
用法：by contrast” or “in comparison” 用来比较相反的论据。
E.g.：Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.
用法：Use this to cast doubt on an assertion.
E.g.：Writer A asserts that this was the reason for what happened. Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this.
用法：同“then again”. 用法相同。
E.g.：The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion.That said,much of the evidence is unreliable at best.
E.g.：Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence.Yetnot everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.
用法：“despite this” 和 “in spite of this”用来表达尽管论据上存在不足，但你会列出一个站得住脚的观点来支持。
E.g.：The sample size was small, but the results were importantdespite this.
With this in mind
E.g.：We’ve seen that the methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions.With this in mind,let’s look at a more recent study to see how the results compare.
用法：和“on condition that”意思相同，也可以用“providing that” 或“providing” 来替换。
E.g.：We may use this as evidence to support our argument,provided thatwe bear in mind the limitations of the methods used to obtain it.
In view of / in light of
E.g.：In light ofthe evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…
用法：和 “despite this”用法相同。
E.g.：The study had its limitations, but it wasnonethelessgroundbreaking for its day.
E.g.：The study was flawed万蒂妮老公, but it was importantnevertheless.
E.g.：Notwithstandingthe limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.
E.g.：Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows,for instance, leave the UK in early winter and fly south…
To give an illustration
E.g.：To give an illustration ofwhat I mean异形殖民军 , let’s look at the case of…
E.g.：Significantly,Tacitus omits to tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in Suetonius’ accounts of the same period.
用法：和“significantly” 意思相同，也可以和“in particular”进行替换。
E.g.：Actual figures are notably absent from Scholar A’s analysis.
E.g.：Importantly,Scholar A was being employed by X when he wrote this work细胞食物 , and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.
E.g.：In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.
E.g.：Above all,it seems pertinent to remember that…
E.g.：Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain – seems to me to be the mostpersuasiveargument for her actions following Mozart’s death.
E.g.：The mostcompellingargument is presented by Scholar A.
All things considered
用法：和taking everything into account意思相同。
E.g.：All things considered, it seems reasonable to assume that…
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